Treatments of seed coating & soil amending with
"Plant Helper" on the reduction of Damping -off of
cucumber, radish, or pepper caused by
(%) (%) (%)
Fusarium solani, Rhizactonia solani, & Pythium ultimum
Treatments* Cucumber Radish Pepper
GS**    DS GS DS GS DS
9 +B: SC*** 65bc****35bc 70b 30b
SA 75b 25c 75b 25b 80b 20c
G + B: SC 90a 10d 95a 5c 90a 10c
SA 90a 10d 90ab 10c 85a 15c
9 + G + B: SC 80ab 20d 85ab 15bc 90a 10c
SA 80ab 20d 80b 20bc 80ab 20c
Path. Ctrl: SC 35d 65a 25d 75a 20d 80a
SA 55c  45ab 40cd 60a 45c  55b
Nonpath. Ctrl: SC 95a 5d 100a 0c 90a 10c
SA 90a  10d 95a 5c 90a 10c
*: 9 = 901; B = Bb-C1; G = Gl-3; SC = seed coating; SA = soil amending.
**: GS = germinated seedlings; DS = died seedlings.
***: SC = seed coating; SA = soil amending.
****: For each measured variable of each crop, means with the same letter among each
column are not significantly different from each other according to Duncan's
multiple range test (P 0.05),
The test was repeated three times for each of the crops.